In deze week editie van 50 Jaar van de haak geschiedenis We nemen een kijkje op de wereld van de haak in 1933.
1933 Haak Resource
Ik wil een shout out geven Australische crocheter Jodiebodie die liet grote commentaar op mijn 1930 editie van deze serie, gezegde:
“Een belangrijke bron van patronen en advies voor huishoudens in Australië voor een groot deel van de 20e eeuw is “De Australische vrouwen per” die werd voor het eerst gepubliceerd in 1933. (Ik realiseer me u zijn niet tot 1933 nog maar gedachte kan je het nuttige informatie). U moet zitten kundig voor vinden die ook gearchiveerd in de nationale bibliotheek van Australië. Altijd de moeite waard een kijkje biedt omdat de andere artikelen in het tijdschrift een culturele/sociale/historische context voor de patronen.”
Ik zeg dit nu, Uiteraard, omdat dit de week dat we kijken 1933 Haak!
1933 Haak stijl
Er was zeker een mix van stijlen in haak op dit moment, met enige nadruk op volledig gehaakte kledingstukken maar ook een aantal bleef belang in het gebruik van haak als versiering op toebehoren en home decor items. Verschillende kranten, zoals de Toledo nieuws-Bee, een patroon voor gepubliceerd Gehaakte rand toevoegen aan duidelijke witte katoenen haak handschoenen met behulp van mercerized katoen draad, suggereren dit als een grote gift voor meisjes school afstuderen.
Eigenlijk, many of the items coming out in crochet at this time were geared towards high-school or college-age girls, seeming to suggest that a lot of gals this age were taking up the craft. The Ellensburgh Capital gives a good description of some of the style of the time, in an article that says crochet cotton blouses are all the rage. It starts:
“Wouldn’t you just love to own one or several of those smart, cool, attractive and very practical mercerized-cotton hand-crochet blouses which high-class specialty shops are showing this season, to wear with the now-so-vogueisn linen (particularly black linen) or pique suits?”
1933 Haak patronen
In 1933 the San Jose News had a gratis haak patroon for a matching bag and crochet belt.
The Meriden Daily Journal offers a free crochet beret pattern, gezegde, “deft fingers, a crochet hook and a ball of crochet cotton are all you need to make yourself this dashing little fall hat which goes far towards complementing the slim lines of your new suit”.
The pattern for this crochet jacket and matching knit skirt can be found in the Bear Brand & Bucilla’s Knit & Haak badmode & Resort Fashions mentioned below.
Etsy PamoolahVintage sells this pattern explaining: “The prettiest dress in crochet using various shades of yarns to form an ombre effect – shading from primrose to dark orange although you can choose your own colours!”
Etsy annalaia sells the vintage pattern for this 1933 Gehaakte sjaal that is really the classic kind of item I actually expected to see a lot of from this era, even though it doesn’t seem to be as prevalent as I presumed.
De Haak patroon I was most excited to find was for a string crochet shopping bag … I loved finding out that this market bag or tote bag that is so common today was being made then as well!
1933 Haak boeken
De 1933 Lux Book: All the Latest Knitting & Haak stijlen (via National Library of Australia). From what I can tell Lux was a brand of knitting and crochet pattern books that started coming out around this time and continued through the 1950s. They seem to have come out annually, although I may be incorrect about that.
Priscilla Wool Knitting and Crochet c.1933 . Dit is een 2009 reprint of a 1933 book that is described as “a classic edition of knitted and crocheted garments from the Depression Era” for both women and children.
Another reproduction of a vintage 1933 crochet book that looks good is Bear Brand & Bucilla’s Knit & Haak badmode & Resort Fashions.
One of the more unique niche crochet books from 1933 (an Iva Rose reproduction that I found through Amazon) is specifically all about Italian Hemstitching, Haak & Breien.
Etsy karenelmquistvintage sells this vintage crochet bedpsread pattern booklet dated 1933.
Although a lot of the crochet from this time was geared towards womenwear, there was still some patterns coming out for children, as evidenced by the reproduction of this book called Minerva #31 – Brei & Crochet Garments for Babies & Juveniles.
But my favorite find from this year was Grandmother Clark’s How to Make Hand made Crocheted Rag Rugs. I had no idea that there would be a book about crochet rag rugs from this era. But then I did some more research and found out that there were a lot of patterns for rag rugs, crocheted and otherwise, from this era, which I suppose makes sense since the Depression Era did require upcycling material in this way. It’s really expensive to get your hands on an original copy of this book but I’ve seen some folks on Etsy, zoals eVINTAGEpatterns, selling digital versions, which is allowed because the book is in the public domain (according to the seller).
1933 Haak Designer
There was a book that came out in 1933, which is now out of print, genoemd New crochet designs and their many uses. The author of that book was Anne Champe Orr, and I was a little curious about who she was so I did some research into her. I learned that she started producing various needlework designs in 1915 after starting out with a career in art. She didn’t limit herself to crochet designs; she created designs in knitting, borduurwerk, kruissteek, lacemaking (including tatting), quilting and rugmaking. She actually originally started by self-publishing these patterns and then eventually she got hired by a number of different companies and publications. Want to know a strange fun fact about her? She actually wasn’t a needleworker herself! Orr passed away in 1946 but there was a huge revival of her work in the 70s and 80s when several reprint publications came out aggregating and sharing her designs. Heirloom Crochet has links to some of her work.
1933 Crochet Patent
People were trying diligently to create a machine that could crochet to replace the “tediousness” of handwork and make the craft more efficient. Tot op heden, there is no crochet machine. In 1933 een patent was filed for a machine that was intended to be able to crochet “a sheathing about a core”. I have no idea what happened with that plan other than that the patent was filed in 1934 and issued the following year.
The only other crochet-related patents from 1933 that I found were one for a yarn or thread holder that would be able to hold crochet thread and one for a shoulder strap that could be attached to different garments to hold the shoulders in place, a portion of which it was suggested might be made using crochet.
1933 Haak nieuws
Verschillende 1933 newspapers, such as the Boston Globe, had a “household advice” section that would frequently offer crochet suggestions, such as using a crochet chain to sew the ends of a curtain together.
The Schenectady Gazette continued to announce crochet club meetings in 1933, so they must have been going well! (They were mentioned in 1932 issues as well).
Populaire wetenschap had an article about building ship models that mentioned that crochet hooks are good tools to use for certain things, saying for example that “a small crochet hook with the hook ground off makes a handy awl”.
But the big crochet-related news of 1933 seems to be that there was a huge needleworker strike! The New York Times has an article (that you have to pay to see in full) explaining that The Bonnaz Embroidery Workers Union, an affiliate of the International Ladies’ Garment Workers, had a 100% response rate to its call for a strike and so 15000 workers went on strike. I didn’t purchase the article so I don’t have the full details, but I do see a snippet through Google that mentions that the workers on strike were “embroidery workers and crochet headers”. This effectively put a halt on the dress industry at the time and was therefore a big deal. All I’ve been able to find out about the reason for the strike is that the union wanted a “ban on home work”.
One of the things I found on Etsy when doing the research for this post was a crocheted version of The Invisible Man by chubbyninjacrafts. Although the book is older, the film version of The Invisible Man dates to 1933.
Next up is, Natuurlijk, 1934 Haak! Kijk voor het op de blog volgende week.